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National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall

 

  • Chinese Name: 國立中正紀念堂管理處
  • Address: No. 21 Zhongshan S. Rd., Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
  • Site: http://www.cksmh.gov.tw/

 

To commemorate Chiang Kai-shek, longtime president of the Republic of China, the National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall houses a collection of artifacts from Chiang and his world. The Hall has been designated a national historic monument, and the buildings and spaces around it are popular tourist and leisure destinations.

 

 

The CKS Memorial Hall encompasses a 25-hectare commemorative plaza situated within the administration region of Taipei City. Built in dedication to the late President Chiang Kai-shek, it contains many elements evocative of Chinese palatial design, including an elaborate central marble stairway in a style previously reserved for imperial use only.

Comprising the 76-meter-tall Memorial Hall building, the National Theater, the National Concert Hall, and several gardens and pavilions, the CKS Memorial Hall first opened to the public on April 5, 1980, the fifth anniversary of President Chiang’s death.

The CKS Memorial Hall was designed by renowned architect Yang Cho-cheng, a close acquaintance of the deceased leader. Yang's architectural portfolio includes the Taipei Grand Hotel, the Taipei Grand Mosque, and the Cihu Mausoleum, the current resting place of the late President Chiang and his son.

Under Yang’s artistic supervision, the Memorial Hall was fashioned utilizing somber white and elegant blue materials and surrounded with a garden bed of red flowers to echo the three colors displayed by the flag of the Republic of China.

The Chinese-style monument also includes an 89-step marble stairway, with each step symbolizing one year of Chiang’s life, and an octagonal roof whose composition evinces the Chinese character for “human” — a tribute to the concept of “the unity of mankind with the heavens.”

The three arched gates that stand guard at each entrance of the Memorial Hall were respectively named the Gate of Great Loyalty, the Gate of Great Piety and the Gate of Great Centrality and Perfect Uprightness; the latter was replaced with a plaque inscribed with the Chinese phrase “Liberty Square” in 2007.

Today, the CKS Memorial Hall serves as an important public space for the performing arts, exhibitions and civic gatherings. The Memorial Hall houses a library documenting the late president’s life and his contributions to Taiwan’s historic development, while the 1,524-seat National Theater and the 2,066-seat National Concert Hall play host to both artistic and diplomatic dignitaries from around the world.

 

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