- Chinese Name: 中央研究院近代史研究所
- Site: http://www.mh.sinica.edu.tw/
The institute was initially established in 1955 as the Planning Committee for the Institute of Modern History. The institute's formal establishment came in 1965, with Professor Kuo Ting-yee serving as its director.
Its research scope includes political, diplomatic, socio-economic, cultural, and ideological changes in modern China, with particular emphasis on the rise of modernity. It has since become an international center for modern history studies.
In recent years, the Institute has devoted effort to important research subjects such as Cold War era cross-strait development, history of women and gender issues, construction and dissemination of knowledge in modern China, and urban history of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The Institute has also published a variety of archives, specialized books, and records of oral history.